Redundancy is a form of dismissal from your job. It happens when employers need to reduce their workforce.
If you’re being made redundant, you might be eligible for certain things, including:
- redundancy pay
- a notice period
- a consultation with your employer
- the option to move into a different job
- time off to find a new job
You also have specific rights if your employer is insolvent.
If you’ve been made redundant because of coronavirus (COVID-19), your employer might be able to re-employ you and pay 80% of your wages.
You must be selected for redundancy in a fair way, for example because of your level of experience or capability to do the job.
You cannot be selected because of age, gender, or if you’re disabled or pregnant. If you are, this could be classed as an unfair dismissal.
You can get advice on redundancy from Acas (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service) or Citizens Advice.
Being selected for redundancy
Your employer should use a fair and objective way of selecting you for redundancy.
Commonly used methods are:
- last in, first out (employees with the shortest length of service are selected first)
- asking for volunteers (self-selection)
- disciplinary records
- staff appraisal markings, skills, qualifications and experience
Your employer can make you redundant without having to follow a selection process if your job no longer exists, for example if:
- your employer is closing down a whole operation in a company and making all the employees working in it redundant
- you’re the only employee in your part of the organisation
Your employer may offer you a different role if one is available.
If your employer uses ‘last in, first out’, make sure it’s not discrimination, for example if it means only young people are made redundant.
Reapplying for your own job
You might be asked to reapply for your own job, which could help your employer decide who to select.
If you do not apply or you’re unsuccessful in your application, you’ll still have a job until your employer makes you redundant.